You are at greater risk of complications if you catch chickenpox when you are pregnant if you: smoke cigarettes have a lung disease such as bronchitis or emphysema are taking steroids or have done so in the last 3 months are more than 20 weeks pregnant.
It’s less common now because a vaccine is available to help prevent it. A vaccine is medicine that makes you immune to certain diseases. Chickenpox usually isn’t dangerous in children. But some people are at higher risk for complications from chickenpox, including pregnant people and newborns.
Chickenpox (varicella) is a very contagious disease. It happens most often in childhood. By adulthood, most people in the U.S. have had chickenpox or had the vaccine in childhood. More than 9n in 10 pregnant women are immune to chickenpox. But about 1 in 2,000 pregnant women in the U.S. will get chickenpox during pregnancy because they are not ...
Clinical Presentation of Chicken Pox in Pregnancy. Similar to general population, there is no difference in clinical presentation of chicken pox in pregnancy.[6–13] The pregnant subjects who get chicken pox will develop the high fever and can last for 7 days due to the nature of viral infection.Author: Viroj Wiwanitkit
Jun 14, 2021 · Immunity . Pregnant people who have a history of chickenpox infection or who have previously been vaccinated will have antibodies to the virus. If a pregnant person with antibodies (either from the vaccine or a previous infection) is exposed to someone who has an active case of chickenpox, they shouldn't have to worry about pregnancy complications.Estimated Reading Time: 10 mins
What happens if you catch chickenpox while pregnant? Chickenpox is a viral illness most commonly seen in children. Usually chickenpox is a benign illness, but in a pregnant woman it can cause serious complications for mother and baby. Luckily, more than 90 percent of pregnant women are immune to chickenpox because they've already had it. If you know you've had the illness, you don't need to be concerned about it during pregnancy, even if you're exposed to an infected person. Among women who haven't had chickenpox, though, about 1 in 2, get it while pregnant. Chickenpox is spread by respiratory droplets in the air and also by direct contact with the rash of an infected individual. Those with shingles, a disease caused by the same virus, can also spread chickenpox. Characterized by an itchy rash with blisters and a fever, the symptoms of chickenpox typically occur 14 to 16 days after exposure. Chickenpox is highly contagious. If a susceptible pregnant woman is exposed to an infected household member, her risk of getting chickenpox is about 90 percent the risk is lower if she was exposed to an infected person outside her home. Chickenpox can be transmitted by an infected person one to two days before a rash develops, and that person will remain contagious until the rash stops spreading and is covered by dry scabs generally five days after its onset. Serious complications from chickenpox are uncommon in children, but 10 to 20 percent of pregnant women develop pneumonia, with 40 percent of these women ultimately dying. And babies of women infected in the first half of pregnancy face a small risk 2 percent or less of congenital varicella syndrome, a group of birth defects that can include scars, muscle and bone abnormalities, paralyzed limbs, a small head, blindness, seizures, and even mental retardation. Another risk of chickenpox during pregnancy is that the infant may contract it. If the mother develops her chickenpox rash between 6 and 21 days before delivery, her baby's case is likely to be mild and require no treatment. But if the mother's rash develops later -- from five days before to two days after delivery -- and no steps are taken to shield her fetus , the newborn has a 25 to 50 percent chance of getting chickenpox between five and 10 days after birth. It might be severe: Up to 30 percent of infected babies die if not treated. Fortunately, the severity of dangerous newborn infections can be lessened and even prevented if the baby is treated right after birth with an injection of antibodies called VZIG varicella-zoster immune globulin. If the baby develops symptoms in spite of treatment, new antiviral drugs can help reduce the infection's potency. If you haven't had chickenpox or aren't sure if you've had the disease, take steps to protect yourself and your baby. If you're not yet pregnant, ask your doctor about getting the chickenpox vaccine, which has been available since Your provider will first test you to see if you're immune to chickenpox; most women are immune because they either had the disease already or were vaccinated against it. In the event that you do need the vaccine, you should wait at least one to three months after receiving it before attempting to conceive. If you're pregnant and have no history of chickenpox, your doctor will probably recommend a blood test during a prenatal visit. If the test shows that you're not immune, you should avoid anyone with chickenpox and any susceptible individual who's been in contact with an infected person. If your susceptible child was exposed, call your doctor for advice about what to do. If you're susceptible to chickenpox and have been closely exposed to someone who has it, contact your doctor right away. He'll probably recommend treatment with VZIG which is safe for you and baby as a preventive measure. It's not yet known whether giving VZIG to a pregnant woman helps protect her fetus from infection. If you already have children at home, the pediatrician may recommend they be vaccinated at a well-child visit. Though a recently vaccinated person could, theoretically, pass the virus on to others if he or she develops any sores around the injection site as occasionally happens , the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says you don't have to postpone vaccination of a healthy child because you're pregnant. In the unlikely event that your child develops vaccination sores, and you're susceptible, consult your doctor. You may need to avoid contact with your child until the rash clears. All content on this Web site, including medical opinion and any other health-related information, is for informational purposes only and should not be considered to be a specific diagnosis or treatment plan for any individual situation. Use of this site and the information contained herein does not create a doctor-patient relationship. Always seek the direct advice of your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others. Chickenpox During Pregnancy. By Richard H. Save Pin FB More. Credit: R. Causes and Symptoms Chickenpox is a viral illness most commonly seen in children. Be the first to comment! No comments yet. Close this dialog window Add a comment. Add your comment Cancel Submit. Back to story Comment on this project. Tell us what you think Thanks for adding your feedback. Close Sign in. All rights reserved. Close this dialog window View image.