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Tasmansk pungdjævel (Sarcophilus harrisii), ofte kaldet tasmansk djævel, er et kødædende pungdyr, der findes på øen Tasmanien syd for Australien. Dyret er på størrelse med en stor kat og det største blandt pungrovdyrene .Domæne: Eukaryota
diagnosis. DIAGNOSIS Restricted to Tasmania in recent times, Sarcophilus harrisii is distinctive among dasyurids by its large size (adults> 5 kg); black coat, usually with diamond-shaped markings on the chest, shoulders, or rump; massive neck and head; short broad snout; and robust bone-crunching dentition.
Tasmansk djevel eller pungdjevel (Sarcophilus harrisii eller Sarcophilus laniarius), er eit lite dyr på storleik med ein stor katt. Han har fått namnet sitt fordi han i forhold til …Klasse: Pattedyr Mammalia
Tasmansk djevel eller pungdjevel er et rovpungdyr som nå bare finnes på den australske øya Tasmania. Tidligere fantes den også på det australske fastlandet, men der er den nå utryddet. Pungdjevelen er det største nålevende pungrovdyret, såfremt ikke pungulver fortsatt finnes.
The state's west coast area and far north-west are the only places where devils are tumour free. The "core habitat" of the devils is considered to be within the " low to moderate annual rainfall zone of eastern and north-western Tasmania". Sandstone dibbler P. A plan to create "insurance populations" of disease-free devils has been ongoing since Warner saved Taz's career when he told Selzer that he had received "boxes and boxes" of letters from people who liked the character and wanted to see more of him. Bibcode : PNAS.. From to , a custom-bodied Taz monster truck competed in the Monster Jam circuit, driven by Adam Anderson. Tasmanian devils in Narawntapu National Park were fitted with proximity sensing radio collars which recorded their interactions with other devils over several months from February to June Since the late s, the devil facial tumour disease DFTD has drastically reduced the population and now threatens the survival of the species, which in was declared to be endangered. At this point, they become fertile once a year, producing multiple ova while in heat. Views Read Edit View history. Louis Zoo: Tasmanian devils". The Sydney Morning Herald. Debate followed, and a delegation from the Tasmanian government met with Warner Bros. He is voiced by Fred Tatasciore instead of Jim Cummings. Professional wrestler Peter Senercia adopted "Taz" and the variant spelling "Tazz" as his ring names. The character's first video game outing was in a title from the later days of the Atari , in a release entitled Taz. Archived from the original on 30 December The Perth Mint. Australian carnivorous marsupial. In his first appearance in McKimson's Devil May Hare first released on June 19, , Taz stalks Bugs Bunny , but due to his dimwittedness and inability to frame complete sentences, he serves as little more than a nuisance. Tasmanian She-Devil girlfriend Slam Tasmanian descendent. Retrieved 9 May Save The Tasmanian Devil Program. At the same time, there was a large increase in deaths caused by vehicles along the new road; there had been none in the preceding six months. Retrieved 16 November Retrieved 9 October In , after much lobbying from the Tasmanian government, Warner Bros decided to assist the fight against extinction of the Tasmanian Devil due to devil facial tumour disease DFTD. The skeleton is estimated to be years old, and the necklace is believed to be much older than the skeleton. Hare March 28, Work by scientist Menna Jones and a group of conservation volunteers to remove dead animals from the road resulted in a significant reduction in devil traffic deaths. Biology Letters. Retrieved 6 October Starting in , Tasmanian devils are again being sent to zoos around the world as part of the Australian government 's Save the Tasmanian Devil Program. Jim Cummings and Fred Tatasciore both reprise their role. Taz originally appeared in the series Wabbit as Theodore Tasmanian, an accountant at Chesterfield Consultants who tries to repress his vicious side. The pinnae were free on day 36, and eyes opened later, on days — For every 1 gram 0. Although they hunt alone,  there have been unsubstantiated claims of communal hunting, where one devil drives prey out of its habitat and an accomplice attacks. Until recently, the devil was not studied much by academics and naturalists. They also point out that caves inhabited by Aborigines have a low proportion of bones and rock paintings of devils, and suggest that this is an indication that it was not a large part of indigenous lifestyle. Save the Tasmanian Devil Program. He is best known for his speech consisting mostly of grunts, growls, and rasps in his earlier appearances, he does speak English with primitive grammar as well as his ability to spin like a vortex and bite through nearly anything. Though he can be very devious, he is also sweet at times. Los Angeles Zoo and Botanical Gardens. Tasmanian Aboriginal names for the devil recorded by Europeans include "tarrabah", "poirinnah", and "par-loo-mer-rer". Mammals portal. Molecular Ecology. Eyelids are apparent at 16 days, whiskers at 17 days, and the lips at 20 days. As there are only four nipples in the pouch, competition is fierce, and few newborns survive. Archived from the original on 13 August The cause of the devil's disappearance from the mainland is unclear, but their decline seems to coincide with an abrupt change in climate and the expansion across the mainland of indigenous Australians and dingoes. Nature Communications. Once inside the pouch, they each remain attached to a nipple for the next days. Paucident planigale P.
The Tasmanian devil Sarcophilus harrisii is a carnivorous marsupial of the family Dasyuridae. Until recently, it was only found on the island state of Tasmania , but it has been reintroduced to New South Wales in mainland Australia , with a small breeding population. The size of a small dog, the Tasmanian devil became the largest carnivorous marsupial in the world, following the extinction of the thylacine in It is related to quolls , and distantly related to the thylacine. It is characterised by its stocky and muscular build, black fur, pungent odour, extremely loud and disturbing screech, keen sense of smell, and ferocity when feeding. The Tasmanian devil's large head and neck allow it to generate among the strongest bites per unit body mass of any extant predatory land mammal. It hunts prey and scavenges on carrion. Although devils are usually solitary, they sometimes eat and defecate together in a communal location. Unlike most other dasyurids , the devil thermoregulates effectively, and is active during the middle of the day without overheating. Despite its rotund appearance, it is capable of surprising speed and endurance, and can climb trees and swim across rivers. Devils are not monogamous. Males fight one another for females, and guard their partners to prevent female infidelity. Females average four breeding seasons in their life, and give birth to 20 to 30 live young after three weeks' gestation. The newborn are pink, lack fur, have indistinct facial features, and weigh around 0. As there are only four nipples in the pouch, competition is fierce, and few newborns survive. The young grow rapidly, and are ejected from the pouch after around days, weighing roughly g 7. The young become independent after around nine months. In , devils became officially protected. Since the late s, the devil facial tumour disease DFTD has drastically reduced the population and now threatens the survival of the species, which in was declared to be endangered. Starting in , Tasmanian devils are again being sent to zoos around the world as part of the Australian government 's Save the Tasmanian Devil Program. The devil is an iconic symbol of Tasmania and many organisations, groups and products associated with the state use the animal in their logos. It is seen as an important attractor of tourists to Tasmania and has come to worldwide attention through the Looney Tunes character of the same name. Believing it to be a type of opossum , naturalist George Harris wrote the first published description of the Tasmanian devil in , naming it Didelphis ursina ,  due to its bearlike characteristics such as the round ear. The modern Tasmanian devil was named Sarcophilus harrisii "Harris's flesh-lover" by French naturalist Pierre Boitard in A later revision of the devil's taxonomy, published in , attempted to change the species name to Sarcophilus laniarius based on mainland fossil records of only a few animals. The genus Sarcophilus contains two other species, known only from Pleistocene fossils: S. Phylogenetic analysis shows that the Tasmanian devil is most closely related to quolls. According to Pemberton, the possible ancestors of the devil may have needed to climb trees to acquire food, leading to a growth in size and the hopping gait of many marsupials. He speculated that these adaptations may have caused the contemporary devil's peculiar gait. It is speculated that the devil lineage may have arisen at this time to fill a niche in the ecosystem, as a scavenger that disposed of carrion left behind by the selective-eating thylacine. Fossil deposits in limestone caves at Naracoorte, South Australia , dating to the Miocene include specimens of S. They also point out that caves inhabited by Aborigines have a low proportion of bones and rock paintings of devils, and suggest that this is an indication that it was not a large part of indigenous lifestyle. A scientific report in claimed that Aborigines preferred the meat of herbivores rather than carnivores. Allelic diversity was measured at 2. At larger scales — km or 90— mi , gene flow is reduced but there is no evidence for isolation by distance". Periods of low population density may also have created moderate population bottlenecks , reducing genetic diversity. One strand conformation polymorphism analysis OSCP on the major histocompatibility complex MHC class I domain taken from various locations across Tasmania showed 25 different types, and showed a different pattern of MHC types in north-western Tasmania to eastern Tasmania. Although the north-west population is less genetically diverse overall, it has higher MHC gene diversity, which allows them to mount an immune response to DFTD. According to this research, mixing the devils may increase the chance of disease. In the Buckland-Nugent area, only three types were present, and there were an average of 5. There was an average of The Tasmanian devil is the largest surviving carnivorous marsupial. It has a squat, thick build, with a large head and a tail which is about half its body length. Females have an average head and body length of mm 22 in , a mm 9. The hind feet have four toes, and the devils have non-retractable claws. Devils are fully grown at two years of age,  and few devils live longer than five years in the wild. It acts as a counterbalance to aid stability when the devil is moving quickly. The testes are subovoid in shape and the mean dimensions of 30 testes of adult males was 3. The Tasmanian devil has the most powerful bite relative to body size of any living mammalian carnivore, exerting a force of N The teeth and jaws of Tasmanian devils resemble those of hyenas , an example of convergent evolution. Like all dasyurids, the devil has prominent canines and cheek teeth. It has three pairs of lower incisors and four pairs of upper incisors. These are located at the top of the front of the devil's mouth.
The thylacines preyed on the devils, the devils scavenged from the thylacine's kills, and the devils ate thylacine young. Habitat disruption can expose dens where mothers raise their young. Conservation status. Retrieved December 6, Save The Tasmanian Devil Newsletter. Sarcophilus harrisii Boitard , . They are credited with decreases in roadkill. During the s there were internet sites in the US that were advertising devil sales, and rumours that some US Navy personnel had tried to buy them illegally during a visit to Tasmania. Juvenile devils are sometimes known to climb trees;  in addition to small vertebrates and invertebrates, juveniles climb trees to eat grubs and birds' eggs. Tasmanian Devil: A unique and threatened animal. Fossil deposits in limestone caves at Naracoorte, South Australia , dating to the Miocene include specimens of S. Archived from the original on At least two major population declines, possibly due to disease epidemics, have occurred in recorded history: in and Retrieved 31 May Taz appeared in a GEICO commercial, where he drinks a " certain energy drink " and goes on a rampage. Jones believed that the quoll has evolved into its current state in just — generations of around two years as determined by the equal spacing effect on the devil, the largest species, the spotted-tail quoll, and the smallest species, the eastern quoll. In contrast, the smaller eastern quolls prey on much smaller victims, and can complete feeding before devils turn up. Checkmark Books. ISBN The Tasmanian devil's large head and neck allow it to generate among the strongest bites per unit body mass of any extant predatory land mammal. News Limited. Periods of low population density may also have created moderate population bottlenecks , reducing genetic diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Young devils can climb trees, but this becomes more difficult as they grow larger. Tyndale-Biscoe, Hugh Family Dasyuridae , subfamily Sminthopsinae. Tasmanian She-Devil girlfriend Slam Tasmanian descendent. Eyelids are apparent at 16 days, whiskers at 17 days, and the lips at 20 days. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: postscript All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from August Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Wikipedia articles in need of updating from June All Wikipedia articles in need of updating Vague or ambiguous geographic scope from June Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with LCCN identifiers Articles with MusicBrainz identifiers. Beginning in November however, in an effort to create a population that is both wild and disease-free, Tasmanian devils have been relocated to Maria Island , a mountainous island off the east coast of Tasmania. Until recently, the devil was not studied much by academics and naturalists. Occurring in March, mating takes places in sheltered locations during both day and night. The newborn are pink, lack fur, have indistinct facial features, and weigh around 0. McKimson would go on to direct four more Taz cartoons, beginning with Bedevilled Rabbit released on April 13, For avoidance of roadkill to be feasible, motorists would have to drive at around half the current speed limit in rural areas. He was even the inspiration for a video game character himself, namely Crash Bandicoot. For every 1 gram 0. Gestation lasts 21 days, and devils give birth to 20—30 young standing up,   each weighing approximately 0. Retrieved He is best known for his speech consisting mostly of grunts, growls, and rasps in his earlier appearances, he does speak English with primitive grammar as well as his ability to spin like a vortex and bite through nearly anything. Females have an average head and body length of mm 22 in , a mm 9. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Online at Project Gutenberg Australia. He was also married and had a child. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Tasmanian Devil also spelled Tazmanian Devil ,   commonly referred to as Taz , is an animated cartoon character featured in the Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons. Cartoons shut down in , marketing and television appearances later propelled Taz to new popularity in the s. Taz is generally portrayed as a ferocious, albeit dim-witted, carnivore with a notoriously short temper and little patience. He got his name in the short Ducking the Devil. Though he can be very devious, he is also sweet at times. His enormous appetite seems to know no bounds, as he will eat anything in his path. He is best known for his speech consisting mostly of grunts, growls, and rasps in his earlier appearances, he does speak English with primitive grammar as well as his ability to spin like a vortex and bite through nearly anything. While in this calm state, he can be easily dealt with. The only music known not to pacify Taz is the bagpipes , which he finds insufferable. Robert McKimson based the character on the real life Tasmanian devil , or more specifically its carnivorous nature, voracious appetite, and surly disposition. In his first appearance in McKimson's Devil May Hare first released on June 19, , Taz stalks Bugs Bunny , but due to his dimwittedness and inability to frame complete sentences, he serves as little more than a nuisance. Bugs eventually gets rid of him in the most logical way possible: matching him up with an equally insatiable Tasmanian She-Devil. The character's speech, a deep, gravelly voice peppered with growls, screeches, and raspberries , is provided by Mel Blanc. Only occasionally would Taz actually speak, usually to utter some incongruous punchline, e. A running gag is that when Bugs Bunny hears of the approach of Taz, looks him up in an encyclopedia and starts reading off a list of animals that Taz eats, Bugs finds "rabbits" not listed until Taz enters and either points out that "rabbits" are listed or writes rabbits on the list. After the film short debuted at theaters, producer Edward Selzer , head of the Warner Bros. Warner asked what had happened to the character. Warner saved Taz's career when he told Selzer that he had received "boxes and boxes" of letters from people who liked the character and wanted to see more of him. McKimson would go on to direct four more Taz cartoons, beginning with Bedevilled Rabbit released on April 13, Devil and Mr. Hare March 28, His last two appearances done by the classic Warner Brothers directors, writers, and voice actors were in Bugs Bunny's Looney Christmas Tales appearing in The Fright Before Christmas segment and at the very end eating the sleigh full of presents. Taz was going to have a cameo in Who Framed Roger Rabbit , but was later dropped for unknown reasons. In , Taz starred his own show known as Taz-Mania , which ran for four seasons in which Taz was the main protagonist and voiced by longtime voice actor Jim Cummings. In the show, he is portrayed walking on four legs like a real Tasmanian devil and his eyes are bloodshot red later turned yellow when Bugs uses a taming trick that Speedy Gonzales taught him. Initially, Bugs believed Taz to be a dog and kept him as a house pet much to his roommate Daffy Duck's discomfort. Eventually, Bugs learned the truth and tried to return him to his home in Tasmania, only to find out that Taz would rather live with him, naming him "Poochie". Taz later played a major part in "Ridiculous Journey" where he, Sylvester whom Taz tried to eat and Tweety were accidentally sent to Alaska by Yosemite Sam. The three of them work to get home while encountering other characters and avoiding tracker Blacque Jacque Shellacque. Eventually, they make it home when it turned out that Blacque was hired by Yosemite Sam to retrieve the three on behalf of Bugs and Granny. Taz originally appeared in the series Wabbit as Theodore Tasmanian, an accountant at Chesterfield Consultants who tries to repress his vicious side. Unlike most versions of the character, he spoke more coherently. He was also married and had a child. Taz eventually returned to his original characterization and way of speaking when the series was retooled as New Looney Tunes. In the story, Taz is a Guardian of the Labyrinth on Themyscira and fought Diana when she was a teenager during her trials to become an Amazon warrior. Before Taz could attack her, Diana plays the harp and puts it to sleep before snipping off some of his fur as proof of her victory. As the Talisman can only be stopped by the Minotaur's Amulet, she requests Taz's help as Taz's connection to the other Guardians would lead them down the right path. During the journey, Taz reveals that he wasn't mad at Diana for tricking him, but was rather upset that she took the music away. The two defeat the Minotaur and Circe and the Amazons reward him with a large feast in return. In the issue's backup story done more in the style of the classic Looney Tunes shorts , Diana sings to Taz the tale of the Trojan War with her and the Looney Tunes characters roleplaying the major players, but Taz in his dream alters the events to work out more in his favor. Taz appears as a gladiator in the episode Taziator. While he is more like most depictions, he actually speaks more comprehensible English. He is voiced by Fred Tatasciore instead of Jim Cummings. Jim Cummings and Fred Tatasciore both reprise their role. The character's first video game outing was in a title from the later days of the Atari , in a release entitled Taz. The s saw a return of the character to video games in Taz-Mania and its semi-sequel Taz in Escape from Mars. He was even the inspiration for a video game character himself, namely Crash Bandicoot. Professional wrestler Peter Senercia adopted "Taz" and the variant spelling "Tazz" as his ring names.